ADULT AUTOGOUS STEM CELLS AND THEIR TREATMENT POSSIBILITIES
Adult stem cells have the following characteristics:
- They have the capacity to asymmetrically self-divide, giving birth to two child cells
- One of the child cells has the same properties of the original stem cell (this characteristic is called self-renewal)
- The other cell has the capacity to differentiate accordingly to the characteristics of the localized tissue, if the environmental conditions are adequate
- They occur in adult tissues, for instance: umbilical cord, peripheral blood, bone marrow, body fat, etc.
- They are responsible for the periodical renewal of tissues, such as tissues on sustained wear, or damaged tissue such as the skin, blood, muscle or liver for example.
Relationship with Disease Treatments:
Adult stem cells have characteristics that make them ideal for disease treatment, such as their plasticity and their angiogenic properties. This means that they can give birth to new blood vessels and help redirect the blood flow to damaged tissues, and repair the tissue itself. This is especially important on cases such as heart, brain and organ repair.
The cells liberate growth factors that help in the tissue reparation process, as well as immune-regulatory substances that help in the immune system modulation. This characteristic make the autologous adult stem cell, an ideal therapy for autoimmune disease patients such as: multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis among others.